The most prevalent cause of glaucoma is age. It is estimated that one percent of Americans between the ages of 60 and 80 suffer from primary open-angle glaucoma; this number jumps to three percent in people over the age of 80. Ethnic background also plays a large role in glaucoma development. African-Americans have a high risk of developing glaucoma, as do people of Irish, Scandinavian, or Russian heritage.
Medical conditions such as extreme nearsightedness and diabetes have a hand in glaucoma risk. Our doctors will also ask you about your medications during your examination, as certain inhaled or oral steroids may increase the chances of developing glaucoma.